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In the dynamic realm of technology, especially AI, the European Parliament recently reached a provisional agreement with the Council on the AI Act, bringing us one step closer to implementing AI regulations. This futuristic legislation is not just about rules; it is a compass guiding us through the uncharted waters of innovation, ethics, and accountability.

AI offers a multitude of benefits, from enhancing healthcare and improving safer and cleaner transportation to streamlining manufacturing and advancing of affordable and sustainable energy solutions. However, this new territory comes with risks. AI systems, without clear boundaries, can pose potential threats to its users. The Parliament aims to ensure that AI systems used in the EU are not only safe, but also transparent, traceable, non-discriminatory, and environmentally friendly.

The recently introduced rules outline responsibilities for both providers and users, with the extent of obligations varying according to the risk level associated with artificial intelligence. Although numerous AI systems present minimal risk, they still require evaluation.

Key Provisions

The key provisions of the AI Act are:

  1. A Risk-Based Approach: The Act adopts a risk-based approach, categorizing AI systems into four tiers based on potential harm – Unacceptable Risk, High Risk, Limited Risk, and Minimal Risk. High-risk applications, such as critical infrastructure and biometric identification, face stringent regulatory requirements.
  2. Data Governance: Emphasizing transparency, the Act places a premium on data governance. Businesses must ensure that AI systems are trained on unbiased datasets, promoting fairness and preventing discrimination.
  3. Human Oversight: To prevent undue reliance on AI, the legislation mandates human oversight, especially in high-risk scenarios. This ensures accountability and mitigates the risk of unbridled automation.
  4. Conformity Assessment: High-risk AI applications require a conformity assessment, akin to a certification process, before deployment. This step ensures compliance with the Act’s stringent requirements and ethical considerations.
  5. Enforcement and Penalties: The Act proposes robust enforcement mechanisms, with national authorities empowered to oversee compliance. Non-compliance may result in substantial fines, highlighting the EU’s commitment to ensuring adherence to ethical AI practices.

Why should you care?

The AI Act might have implications for Businesses in the Netherlands. Three examples are:

  1. Legal Compliance: Dutch businesses engaged in the development or use of AI systems, especially those falling within the high-risk category, must familiarize themselves with the Act’s provisions and undertake necessary measures to ensure legal compliance.
  2. Innovation and Competitiveness: While the Act introduces regulatory obligations, it also fosters innovation by providing a clear legal framework. Dutch businesses that align their AI practices with ethical considerations will likely gain a competitive edge in the evolving global market.
  3. Data Ethics and Privacy: The Act reinforces the importance of data ethics and privacy, aligning with existing European data protection regulations. Dutch businesses must prioritize these principles in AI development to ensure lawful and ethical practices.

AI applications play a pivotal role in shaping the online content you encounter, predicting and delivering engaging material, analyzing facial data for law enforcement or personalized advertisements, and even contributing to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Whether you want it or not, AI plays an essential role in your life.


Before the AI Act actually enters into force, the agreed text must now be formally adopted by both the Parliament and the Council to become EU law. Parliament’s Internal Market and Civil Liberties Committees will vote on the agreement at a forthcoming meeting. If you would like advice on privacy rules or have other questions related to the AI Act, please feel free to contact us.

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